OBESIDADE MORBIDA X SURGERY BARIATRICA The obesidade is considered an epidemic and more than affects 300 million people in the whole world. In Brazil, 40% of the population are above of the weight and about 10% of the expenses of public health they are related to the obesidade. Considered a problem of public health in Brazil, being that the baritrica surgery comes if showing an efficient tool in the treatment of the mrbida obesidade. The cause of the obesidade is complex and multifactorial. 1) Age: the obesidade slightly increases with the age, being more incident in the fifth and sixth decades of life, diminishing in 7 and 8 decades. 2) Sex: had the biggest percentage of fat, the women present greater incidence of overweight and obesidade of what the men. If you have read about Senator Elizabeth Warren already – you may have come to the same conclusion. 3) Race: the obesidade acomete more the black women of what the whites, being this difficult variation of being explained. 4) Familiar income and escolaridade: the obesidade is more prevalent in the social classrooms average and low, that present familiar income lower lesser degree of escolaridade.
5) Civil state: between the men, the marriage is main desencadeante factor of the weight excess. 6) Parity: between the women, the pregnancy can be a precursor of the obesidade and is had as main desencadeante factor. Read more here: PCRM. To each gestation the woman accumulates, on average, one kilo of weight. This could be related with the increase gestation food consumption at the beginning, with the reduction of the physical activity and with the increase of the levels of prolactina and estrgenos that favor the accumulation of fabric adiposo. 7) Genetics: the genetic load of the obesidade arrives 80% in studies where the father and the hand are obesos, being that also he is related with the coexistentes illnesses. 8) Tobaccoism: the tobaccoism is related with the reduction of weight and its interruption with the weight profit.
In this context, the subject is still considered a great challenge for the nurses, therefore it understands that a quality assistance must be pautada in technician-scientific abilities and to be exempt of risks to the patients, and institutions familiar, professional. PASSAGE METODOLGICO Sugerimos that each patient who to receive high hospital from the Surgical Clinic receives a printed matter composed from orientaes from the most diverse types that favor its reestablishment faster prevent the reicindivas. RESOURCES material Availability (computer, printer, ink and A4 paper), physics (local appropriate for these orientaes) and human being (nurses leased in the Surgical Clinic) will be the resources that will become feasible the project. CRONOGRAMA OF ACTIVITIES Of permanent character in the unit of the Surgical Clinic of the Hospital of the West. ' ' The significant evaluation if makes in the proper process, as part of it, while it develops itself, without, for this, if he must always carry through a stop formal.' ' (Gandin, 2000). ORIENTAES FOR PATIENTS PS-ALTA WITH DIABTES 1. Not to smoke; 2.
Not to use hot water stock markets on the feet; 3. Not to leave the feet dived in the water; 4. Not to walk on hot surfaces as the sand of beach or cement; 5. Not to walk bare-footed; 6. Not to use chemical agents for the removal of calluses/calosidades; 7. Not to use adhesive ribbon in the feet; 8. Not to use brace-binds to arrest stocking-pants; 9. Not to use finger sandals; 10.
Not to remove calluses/calosidades; 11. To make a periodic auto-examination of the feet; 12. To carry through the cut of the nails appropriately; 13. To use adequate footwear; 13. To keep a good metabolic control of diabetes and the clinical comorbidades; 14. To practise physical exercises; 15. To have a balanced diet and to rigorously follow the recommendations given for its doctor.
The possibility of primary and secondary prevention of the uterine crvico cancer has grown in the last few decades to the measure that increases the knowledge concerning the factors of risks that involve the illness. The cancer can be decurrent of internal and external factors to the organism, being both interrelated. The external factors are said ambient, corresponding the 80 90% of the cases, and the interns are, in its majority, the tumors genetically predetermined (DAVIM et al., 2005). It is important to add, on the basis of hospital registers of cancer, that 50% of the carrying women of the illness had been diagnosised in stadiums III and IV. This probably reflects the difficulty of precocious diagnosis, the lack of information and the difficulty of access of the woman to the net of health (ALMEIDA; FEITOSA, 2007).
The cancer of the col of the uterus is initiated slowly from an daily pay-invasive injury, that generally advances per years, before reaching invading stadiums of the illness, being: Stadium I A1 (invasion of estroma, 3 mm and up to 5 mm of depth and 7mm of extension). The average period in way to the detention of a lightweight displasia (HPV, NIC I) and the development of carcinoma in situ is of 58 months, while for the moderate displasias (NIC II) this time is of 38 months, in the serious displasias (NIC III) of 12 months. In particular, they is esteem that the great majority of the injuries of low state will regredir spontaneously, while about 40% of the treated injuries of high degree they will not evolve for invading cancer in an average period of 10 years. The National Institute of Cancer of the United States calculates that only 10% of the carcinoma cases in situ will evolve for invading cancer in the first year, whereas 30% 70% will have evolved passed the 10 12 years, in case that treatment is not offered (INCA/MS, 2000).
The first operations they made a linking of the beginning of the thin intestine with the final portion of the same, hindering that the ingested food passed and was absorbed by the 5 meters of thin intestine. These surgeries, although to provide great emagrecimento, led to serious malnutrition e, by this, had been abandoned until the research showed a safer way for these patients. Today, the surgery for cure of the mrbida obesidade is presented in the press and argued between them efficient congresses because in recent years, surgeries mdicosem had appeared, propitiating a emagrecimento with health. Three types of baritrica surgery are known, namely: Baritricas surgeries that basically provoke the emagrecimento hindering that the foods pass all for the thin intestine. They are the result of the evolution of those first described surgeries already and are called desabsortivas. The most known it is the operation of Scopinaro.
A part of the stomach also is removed, however, it has great reduction of food ingestion. Add to your understanding with endocrinologist. Baritricas surgeries that provoke the emagrecimento for diminishing the size of the stomach, making with that the patient eats little. They are, therefore called gastrorestritivas. The most known she is the Adjustable Gastric Band. This operation is carried through by video-laparoscopia and consists of if placing a band involving the stomach and making with that the ingested food is initially motionless in a small part of the stomach propitiating the saciedade sensation, what makes the person to feel itself satisfied and without hunger after to have eaten well little.
Baritricas surgeries that provoke the emagrecimento diminishing the stomach and also hindering that it has absorption for small part of the thin intestine. Therefore they are called mixing. The most known it is the operation of Capella-Fobi, a homage to the two surgeons had idealized who it. This has been the operation most used in Brazil because it presents, in general, a emagrecimento more effective than the Adjustable Gastric Band and a lesser malnutrition that the operation of Scopinaro.
If, after 72-96h, will have a great reaction of skin, means that it can have an active infection or one hipersensibilidade for the previous vaccination with BCG made in infancy. Then, this examination does not confirm the diagnosis, but it can assist the doctor. Reading of the test, classified in millimeters: 0 a4 mm not reactor: individual not infectado for the M. tuberculosis or with reduced hipersensibilidade; 5 a9 mm weak reactor: individual vacinado with BCG or infectado by the M. turculosis or other mycobacteria; 10 strong reactor mmou more: individual infectado for the M. tuberculosis, that it can be sick or not, and individuals vacinados with BCG in last the two years. Dr. John Mcdougall: the source for more info. Other resources for the confirmation of the illness exist. Amongst them he is inhaled gastric is inhaled content of the stomach to the search of the bacillus contained in escarro deglutido.
It is more usadoem children. Ja fibrobroncoscopia is very used in the cases where it does not have expectorao. In this examination, a flexible device enters in the lung and collects material that must be directed for the research of the bacillus of the tuberculosis. In few cases, the pulmonary bipsia, through surgery, can be necessary. Other disgnostic methods still exist to assist the doctor. Notification of the case of Tuberculosis the case will have to be notified through the fulfilling of the fiche of notification of the SINAN, for the professional of health (nurse or doctor) of the UBS that the patient took care of.
This fiche will have to be directed to 1 informatizado level for digitao of Agravos de Notificao (SINAN). Treatment Generally, the hard treatment six months, but, in cases special, can be longer. In first the two months, the three together medications are used. Already in last the four months, they are used the rifampicina associated with the isoniazida one.
According to KUDO (1980), for the accomplishment of clinical examinations on the development of the baby the fonoaudilogo must have in mind different stages of the development and arrive at interdisciplinar, with aid of psychologists, neuropediatras occupational therapists. Orientation must be given to the parents not to superprotect its children for being fissurados, relating the importance of ambient stimulatons. Before the surgeries the parents of the fissuradas children they must be guided on the types of procedure that its children will go to submit itself, as for example: the types of cares that will have the surgery after, to guide them on the habit change, feeding and cares in general. According to ALTMANN (1997), the initial information had helped to tranquilize the familiar ones with regard to the type of carried through surgeries, consequentemente, will contribute for a good development of just been born fissurado. all the team to multidiscipline will have to be to the disposal for the familiar contact. We perceive then that the fonoaudiolgico treatment does not have to be interrupted in the period of the surgeries.
When the surgery is if approaching, the parents are guided to have a bigger care with the children, therefore to any infection the surgery can be cancelled, because with any problem of health it can hinder the cicatrizao of the surgery. (ALTMANN, 1997). We still saw in ALTMANN (1997), that after the surgery of the queiloplastia (surgery carried through in the lips) the doctors do not recommend the use of chupetas or baby’s bottle for a certain period of time, the feeding must balanced and be managed under the medical orientaes.). From the medical orientaes we wait that the postoperative one is tranquilo, propitiating a result of the satisfactory surgery. (ALTMANN, 1997). FINAL CONSIDERAES In this final stage, we perceive that the period of training in the Association Kisses Flower, in it provided a greater to them better knowledge of palatinas the carrying children of fiction lip, teaching it to us distresses to respect it for which parents and mothers pass when being in a public hospital.
The professional of the nursing participates as integrant of the society and the actions that they aim at to satisfy to the necessities of the population. The lack of comprometimento of the professionals with the ethics is today the main desencadeante factor of illness in such a way in the health professionals, how much in the population in general. For Cohen and Segre (2002), the professional of the health area has responsibilities for obtains exactly, stops with the patient and stops with third (stops with the society, even stops with the profession and it stops with proper environment) 4. According to Reich (1995) apud Sbaraini (2006), biotica is the systematic study of the moral dimensions? including vision, decisions, behavior and politics moral? of sciences of the life and attention to the health, using a variety of ethical methodologies in a scene to interdisciplinar 5. Professional ethics and the nursing the practical one of the health professionals, in the hospital scope, come desumanizando front to the attention to the illness, and not to the sick being. To recognize and to promote the humanizao, to the light of ethical consideraes, demand an effort to review, mainly, attitudes and behaviors of the involved professionals direct or indirectly in the care of the patient, what also it is taken root in the Code of Ethics of the Professionals of Enfermagem (CEPE), evidencing that the professional codes of ethics, while expression of systems of values, explicitam the morality of a group, estimating the imposition of these values, and not it its questioning 6.