Hello and welcome my dear reader, in this article we will talk about mathematics in Arab countries, some fundamental points and things that we must learn to achieve dominate this area of knowledge. The Arabs, who at that time lived a moment of expansion, not only territorial but intellectual, soon manage to decipher more knowledge of this subject. The history of mathematics in the Arab peoples begins from the 8th century. Trying the Muslim empire was the first to begin this development, to translate all Greek texts into Arabic. By what they believe lots of schools of great importance, where books are translated as the Brahmagupta, in which explained in detail the Indian numbering system, system which was then known as the of Al – Khowarazmi, than by linguistic deformations ended as algorithm. The progress achieved in this era, framed to the concept of the limit, the introduction of rational and irrational numbers especially the positive reals, and development of trigonometry, trigonometric tables of high accuracy were constructed where. The next important era in the history of mathematics this understood at the time of the Renaissance.
At this point in the story is when it appears the Near East as a connoisseur of mathematics. Although the history of mathematics in the Middle East, is not as old as in the far East, its contribution is of great magnitude, especially with the emergence of large quantity of works written by great mathematicians of the time. It is to highlight the work of Leonardo de Pissa, entitled Liber Abaci, where explained in a clear way the use of the abacus and the positional numbering system. Also other important works include the practice Geometrie, where geometry problems, were solved especially the of calculation of areas of polygons. One of the great contributions of this culture was obtained in the introduction of the fractional exponents and the concept of radical numbers, to others established a unique system of algebraic numbers, with what is izo can express equations in general form. After this long evolution, mathematics went in the 19th century, where the foundations of modern mathematics is postulated. Progress in solving equations and in what is today known as calculus, made this period of greater wealth for this science. Large developments of this time include, resolution of radicals algebraic equations, the concept of group development, advances on the foundations of non-Euclidean hyperbolic geometry, besides conducting a very profound reconstruction on the basis of established limits theory and the theory of the actual number. You can visit my blog about differential calculus here. I hope I helped, I say goodbye and wish you the best.