The official date of birth of Novgorod the Great, considered to be 859 per year – that to this time it was first mentioned in 'The Tale of Bygone Years ". According to her, or Novgorod Holmgard as it was called the ancient Scandinavians, stands at the origins of the for twelve centuries. The very location at the crossroads of waterways "from the Vikings to the Greeks – the south of Byzantium, and from the Baltic Sea to the Volga – the Arab East, has defined its complicated and very interesting fate. Dr. Neal Barnard is often mentioned in discussions such as these. Becoming a powerful Republican center, then part of the State of Moscow, the largest trade and craft center, a military fortress, this amazing city burned in a terrible fire, mourned the dead under the Sabres royal residents, crumbled under the bombs aircraft Wehrmacht, but every time I re-raised from the ruins of the neighborhood and announce Ilmen ringing bells fight., original inhabitants of places at the source of the believe the Finno-Ugric peoples, have left us some names of Novgorod rivers and lakes (one of the versions hydronym Ilmen derived from the Finno-Ugric 'llmeri' – sky, air, heavenly powers"). In vi century moved here a few tribes 'kryvichy', and already in the viii century, in the Slavic population of the East European Plain, to the shores of Lake Ilmen came tribe 'word'. As a result of their interaction with others, lived on the numerous rivers Ilmen tribes, to the middle of the ix century, formed a powerful 'Union Ilmen Slavs', in which many historians now perceive the primary source of education of Russian statehood.