Viola odor ata L. s. L. – Violet scented Sam. Violaceae – Violet Perennial herb with thick branching stems and long (15-25 cm) above ground rooting shoots.
The leaves form a rosette , dlinnochereshkovye, orbicular-reniform or rounded to ovate with a heart-notch at the base. Flowers on long stalks, 2-10 (15) attached to the rootstock, rarely solitary. Petals dark to light purple or blue in base, colorless, rarely white. Fruit – a box with lots of seeds. Flowering in March – April. Distribution. Increases in light deciduous forests and among the bushes, mostly in the hollows or ravines.
Occurs on Europe (excluding the extreme north). Grow at the same locations, and related species: V. sua vis mb – with short and thick, underground and above-ground shoots, and V. alba Bess. – Mostly with white flowers and downy long villi stipules. Raw materials. Rhizomes and roots (Rhizoma et Radix Violae). Aboveground part (Herba Violae odoratae). Flowers (Flores Violae odoratae). Content. In the rhizomes and roots contain saponin, a bitter substance, about 0.04% essential oils with methyl ester of salicylic acid. In aboveground part contains: saponin, essential oil with violotozidom (methyl ester of salicylic acid), odoratin – a substance that lowers blood pressure. Violet scented, contains no alkaloids. In the flowers contains: 0.003% essential oils with methyl ester of salicylic acid, alpha-and beta-Iron, alpha-and beta-yonon (simple unsaturated ketones possessing aroma of violet), violorutin, cyanine (blue-colored dye), acid, mucus, and sugar. The main action. Expectorant, diuretic weakly. Experimental and clinical data. Based on clinical data, we can assume that the fragrant violet is widely used in the treatment of diseases respiratory system, thanks to its emollient effect on the mucous membrane and expectorant action, as well as the well-known antiseptic, and as a result of this and anti-inflammatory effect. Violet scented, except the above-described therapeutic effects, also has diuretic properties, and has, albeit weak, gipno-sedative effect. Externally it is used in the treatment of a number of dermatitis. When carrying out experimental Research fragrant violet to determine the effect on blood pressure found the presence of a small degree of hypotensive effect, bystroprohodyaschego character that is not of interest for practice. Empirical data. In folk medicine, fragrant violet is used to treat pertussis, as well as some heart diseases, followed by edematous states. Dosing. Two tablespoons of dry minced raw pour 400 ml hot water, stand for two hours, then strain and drink a glass of wine 4 times a day.