For many tourists who come to Barcelona, as a complete surprise is the fact that the main language of Catalonia is not Spanish, and Catalan, which is much closer to the Italian or French than the Spanish. Catalan is, along with Spanish, the official language of Catalonia. This status of a language written in the latest edition of the Spanish constitution. Catalan language is spoken by more than six million people, and more than ten million people understand it (in Catalonia, Valencia, the Balearic Islands in the South the French province of Roussillon, in Andorra and Alghero in Sardinia). Many believe the Catalan language is a dialect of Spanish. However, it is not. This is a separate language. A descendant of colloquial Latin, spoken in northeastern Spain during the Roman Empire.
Catalan belongs to the same linguistic group as the Spanish, French and Portuguese. Catalan literature has appeared in 12 century and 15 century, reached its peak in the Middle Ages. In this century, Catalonia was dominant in the Mediterranean Sea and the Catalan language was the primary means of communication among merchants. He was honored as the language of high literature. Romance Zhuanota Marturelya 'Tirant the White', which was written in Catalan, Cervantes believed the best work of this genre. However, when Catalonia lost independence and became part of the Spanish monarchy, for the Catalan language fallen on hard times.
In 1714 the Catalan language was banned. All the structures of self-management Catalonia were destroyed, and the University Catalonia is closed. Revival of the Catalan language began in Barcelona in the late 19 th century. However, in the mid 20 th century, during the Civil War, the Catalan language was again dealt a severe blow. Dictator Franco would not tolerate dissent and again prohibited the use of Catalan. Only after the death of the dictator Catalan language was re-settled in Barcelona. Today, thanks to correct the state's policy, Catalan feels beautifully and harmoniously coexists with Spanish.